United States House of Representatives

From USAwiki

The United States House of Representatives (commonly called the House of Representatives, or simply the House) is the lower chamber of the bicameral United States Congress. Along with the Senate, it makes up the national legislature of the United States.

The House of Representatives is comprised of, and capped by law at, 435 members,[1] known as representatives, which are elected in congressional districts of the 50 states by popular vote to act as representatives of their district in the House. Representatives are apportioned per state by population, measured by the decennial U.S. Census, with a minimum of one representative per state. Californa has the largest delegation with fifty-three representatives. Only seven states have one representative: Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, and Wyoming.[2]

The House is granted the legislative power to pass laws, which, after concurrence from the Senate, are sent before the President to either be signed into law or objected to. In the case that the President objects to a law originating from the House of Representatives, it will be sent back to the House, which can, along with the Senate, by two-thirds vote from each chamber, make law the law that was objected to by the President. The legislative power of the House is not unlimited, however; the Constitution restricts both chambers of Congress from passing a Bill of Attainder or ex post facto laws; additionally, the Amendments of the Constitution further restrict the legislative power of both chambers of Congress.


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