Federal government of the United States
The federal government of the United States is the national government of the United States of America.
The legislative branch of the United States, called the United States Congress (or U.S. Congress) is one of the three branches of the federal government set forth by the Constitution in Article 1, Section 1. It is bicameral and consists of an upper and lower chamber: the Senate and House of Representatives; and their respective committees.
House of Representatives
The executive branch of the United States is one of the three branches of the federal government set forth by the Constitution. It consists of the President, and the Vice President; the Cabinet, and other executive departments, which serve under the authority of, and at the pleasure of, the President.
The President is vested with the "executive Power" of the United States, and is the "Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States." It is the duty of the President to "take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed." The President is elected through the electoral process. Before entering office, the President takes the following oath: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."
The Vice President is the second-highest official in the executive branch, and the first in line to assume the office of President should he resign, become incapacitated, die, or become impeached; however, without being designated as President. The duties and powers of the Vice President are set forth in Article 1, Section 3, Clauses 4 and 5, as the President of the Senate. The Vice President, as President of the Senate, has the ability to cast a tie-breaking vote should the Senate be equally divided in a vote.
The Cabinet consists of the heads of the 15 executive departments of the executive branch, who are appointed by the President, and confirmed by the Senate. The duty of the Cabinet is to advise the President and carry out the duties of their respective offices.
|Departments of the Executive Branch||Department Heads of the Executive Branch|
Other Executive Departments and Agencies
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